Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

Posted by Frank 06/06/2016 0 Comments

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)


Some of the most common sexually transmitted diseases, that is, infections that can be obtained by sexual contact, can have without noticing it. But several of them with symptoms such as vaginal discharge, itching, urination, sores and warts.

Many feel that it is embarrassing or troublesome to seek treatment for a sexually transmitted disease, but we are working are accustomed to most problems. Remember that it is better to test themselves once too many than one too few.


 

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The most common sexually transmitted diseases


Chlamydia

Chlamydia is nowadays by far the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection in Sweden. More than half of all chlamydia infection have no symptoms. Therefore it is important that you test yourself - just in case - if you have had an occasional unprotected sexual contact, even if you have no symptoms. You can get tested earlier than one week after infection.

Chlamydia is caused by bacteria that may be present in the urethra and the vagina, and sometimes also the rectum. Chlamydia is also found in the throat, but it is still not know how infectious Chlamydia is for oral sex.

The most common symptoms appear 1-2 weeks after infection. One can then get symptoms such as discharge from the genital area, burning when urinating or itching. Chlamydia is serious because it can lead to infertility, especially in women. The treatment makes you healthy from a chlamydia infection.



Herpes

There are two types of herpes:
 

Type 1 usually causes cold sores, but can also provide genital herpes. Approximately 70-80 percent of the adult population carries the virus type 1. There is only one in five infected who get recurrent outbreaks of cold sores. Cold sores caused by the herpes virus can cause infection in the vagina during oral sex.

Type 2 usually causes genital herpes and is common. About a quarter of all Swedish adults carry the virus type 2 genital herpes is transmitted by vaginal, oral and anal sex. The first signs of a herpes infection may be that there are red, itchy, burning and irritation:

 

  • in and around the vagina
  • penis
  • the scrotum
  • around the anus, on the buttocks, thighs or lower back.


Note that you may be infectious before blisters formed. Both virus types can also cause problems in other parts of the body such as the fingers and eyes. Once you have been infected, the virus remains in the body throughout life. After the initial infection settles the virus dormant in the nervous system but may come to life again when you are sunbathing, stressed and tired during pregnancy or during menstruation or an infection.

There is no vaccine and no cure for herpes, however, anti-viral medications that prevent and reduce the symptoms. A typical rash sufficient for diagnosis. But you can also do a Herpes blood test at home  that shows if you have the virus.


Genital warts

Genital warts are caused by a wart virus and can be transmitted through unprotected vaginal intercourse and the anal and oral sex. The virus can also be spread by close contact skin to skin and the mucous membranes. The symptoms consist of warts that occur on the genitals. They resemble small bumps: slightly elevated and rounded or cauliflower-like, blushed or skin-colored but they can also be flat and hard to see.

You can be infected and contagious without knowing it. The incubation period, the time from when you are infected until the disease breaks out, it is often several months. But you can get warts a year or later after you have been infected. Genital warts are treated by brushing with a strong solution, but can also be treated by burning or freezing. The warts can spontaneously heal.

Today there are vaccines approved in Sweden which provides protection against the most common virus types that provide genital warts. Vaccination is now included in the national vaccination program. All the girls in the 10-13-year-old will be offered the vaccine through school. Even girls born between 1993 and 1998 offered the vaccination.


Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium and is transmitted through oral sex, vaginal and anal sex. It is important to get treatment quickly when untreated gonorrhea can lead to infertility in both men and women and chronic abdominal pain. You can test themselves at the earliest two days after you have had sex.

Gonorrhoea is caused by a bacteria symptoms similar sexual disease chlamydia but usually stronger. Symptoms of gonorrhea infection may be to:

 

  • it hurts when you urinate
  • it will discharge from the urethra, vagina or rectum
  • it hurts in the throat
  • bleeding between periods
  • pain in the scrotum


The symptoms usually come within a week after infection. But it is not obvious that you get some trouble. Almost all men with gonorrhea have symptoms, while most women do not experience any symptoms at all. Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics.