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Being friend or girlfriend with an HIV-positive does not make you HIV-positive, but virus may be transmitted and infect you through unprotected sexual intercourse. Condoms protect!
Neither kissing, normal bodily contact, drinking from the same cup or mosquito bites can transmit HIV. But unprotected sex with a person who is HIV-positive involves risk.
HIV infects mainly people who have unprotected sex with a person who is HIV positive. The sexual contact must involve the exchange of body fluids with infection, ie primarily blood, semen or vaginal secretions.
It qualifies as the most common infection methods are vaginal- or anal intercourse with an infected or oral sex swallowing semen from a partner who is HIV-positive.
If HIV-infected blood enters another person's bloodstream is the chance of HIV infection very large. Previously, many infected with HIV using syringes as an HIV-positive had used before. By spilled blood from an HIV-positive in deep wounds can infect theoretically transferred. Unbroken skin provides a good protection in relation to HIV infection.
By transfusion of HIV-infected blood or other preparations developed by blood products with HIV infection, the infection is passed. In Canada, it is considered to be highly likely to receive blood transfusions or other blood products. All blood donors in Canada are regularly tested HIV.
HIV can also be transmitted from mother to child through childbirth and breastfeeding. HIV-positive mothers should not breastfeed their children. Modern medications reduce the risk that a child of an HIV-positive mother to be HIV-positive.
HIV virus may in some cases live up to 14 days outside the human body. It presupposes an environment with plenty of nutrients like proteins. Therefore, it is advisable to exercise normal caution when handling dried blood, you do not know where come from.
HIV is not transmitted through normal social intercourse with an HIV-positive person. It is not possible to become infected with HIV through normal bodily contact, good hugs and closeness.
You can not become infected with HIV virus enters your bloodstream. For this to happen, either blood, semen or vaginal secretions from an HIV-positive person coming into your body.
You can not become infected with HIV through kissing an HIV-positive person. There is so far as is known, no one has been infected with HIV through the saliva, although the possibility exists theoretically. It should be about seven liters of saliva before viral load is big enough that transmission is possible! In the oral cavity is in addition immune system very wary, and there will be drugs in saliva that makes transmission difficult. It must also be possible for the virus to get into the bloodstream, meaning that infection via saliva assumes that you have fresh, large ulcers in the mouth and throat.
It is entirely possible to have sex with an HIV-positive person without being HIV positive themselves. This assumes of course the proper use of a condom during every sexual intercourse. Women who have vaginal dryness, it is recommended to use water-based lubricant so that the condom is not destroyed. This is even more important by anal intercourse.
If you are injecting drug user, you will not get infected with HIV if you use syringes, without exception, are new or thoroughly disinfected.
Infected not via blood transfusion at Canadian hospitals
You need not be worried about being infected with HIV through blood transfusion at a Canadian hospital. All blood used in a Canadian hospital are HIV tested. However, this need not be the case in all other countries.
You can not become infected with HIV by using the same glass, cutlery, crockery or towels that an HIV-positive. The same applies to the use of toilets, saunas, bathrooms, swimming pools, showers, and the like.