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HIV is short for human immunodeficiency virus (English: human immunodeficiency virus). Most people who have HIV have been infected through unprotected sex with a person who is infected with the virus.
Ongoing HIV transmission remains an issue of concern in Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada estimates that 2,570 new infections (range between 1,940 and 3,200) occurred in Canada in 2014. The Agency estimates that approximately 75,500 (range between 63,400 and 87,600) people were living with HIV (including AIDS) at the end of 2014.
HIV destroys the immune system by killing a particular type of immune cells in the body called CD4 lymphocytes. This allows the body's defense against infection is weakened, and they are more easily infected by diseases and infections that are usually harmless. For people who are infected with HIV, such diseases and infections may be severe and at worst deadly.
There is no cure for HIV, but drugs can help people with HIV to stay healthy. Without treatment, HIV eventually develop into AIDS. This can take a long time. In the treatment can control both the HIV virus and other diseases that come with.
HIV is found in blood, semen and vaginal fluids. The virus can be contracted through vaginal and anal intercourse. It may in very rare cases of infection through oral sex. HIV can also be transmitted by blood transfusion. Drug users who are infected with HIV can infect others by drug abusers sharing needles or other paraphernalia.
Pregnant women can transmit HIV to the baby during pregnancy, during birth or through breastfeeding. If the pregnant is under successful treatment, the risk of transmitting the HIV virus during pregnancy and childbirth can be very small, only one to two percent.
HIV virus and cannot infect through saliva, tears, sweat, feces or urine. HIV is transmitted not by drinking from the same glass, by kissing or touching.
To avoid becoming infected with HIV you must use condoms at various forms of sex with a person you do not know the infection status. Condoms also protect against other sexually transmitted infections. HIV can be transmitted through oral sex, but the chance of this happening is very small.
If you have ulcers in the mouth or easy bleeding gums, increases the risk of infection. Drug users who use syringes must avoid sharing syringes with others.
To find out if you have HIV, you need to take a blood test. Infected rarely get symptoms, and it is therefore not possible to know whether they are infected by starting in whether you have symptoms or not.
Should you still have symptoms, there is a flu-like illness approximately 3-6 weeks after infection. One can also experience fever, fatigue, headache, nausea and diarrhea. These early symptoms disappear within 2-4 weeks and it is then often several years before emerging new symptoms.
HIV test can be taken with a blood sample at home, visible test result after 20 minutes. The test result with HIV 4th Generation home test will be safe 12 weeks after the estimated time of infection. This means that if you need to test earlier you need to order the new HIV 5th Generation home test, which can be used 7 to 14 days after estimated time of infection
Modern HIV treatment can cause not develop AIDS at all. By regular monitoring by a doctor will viral load in the blood is measured, and by proper use of medications will be very little chance that they can infect others. By proper use of medicines can HIV remain a chronic disease you can live with.