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Herpes can manifest itself in many ways and sometimes not at all. For that very reason, many people have herpes (almost 30% of the sexually active population) but are unaware that they are carriers of the virus. 80% of those who are carriers of the virus is not aware of it. If you have symptoms, however, there are some typical characteristics of herpes. Recurring symptoms are usually an indication of herpes although it does not apply to everyone.
|The symptoms that most people associate with herpes are fluid-filled blisters on and around the genitals, but herpes can manifest itself in several ways. Common symptoms are swollen and tender lymph nodes, but it also appears to be burning or itching in the genital area.|
Herpes is a virus that infects the nerves and symptoms that can, albeit rarely, occur so-called neuralgia, nerve pain. It can range from numbness and pain in the lower back to a tingling sensation in the legs.
Anyone with genital herpes may not be symptoms on and around the genitals. It can also happen that you get blisters on the buttocks and thighs and sometimes the fingers. Even blisters or sores around the anus may be symptoms of herpes.
The first time you suffer an outbreak can be quite a hassle. It is usually called a primary infection. Some get sharp pains, high fever, headache and malaise. It reminds me of the flu. For those who get much trouble can first outbreak last for two to three weeks if not treated. But for most, it is just the first outbreak that becomes tedious. Then usually outbreaks become fewer and less severe with time.
No, herpes is not a dangerous disease. It could almost be considered as a widespread disease when 70% of the population, so-called HSV 1 virus in ordinary speech is called, oral herpes and 30% have HSV 2, ie, what we call genital herpes. However contagious herpes and some may have troublesome symptoms. Today there are good treatment in the form of antiviral medications that make the majority of which have a known herpes can live without inconvenience.
Unfortunately it is not possible to cure herpes, that is to treat the infection so that it disappears from the body. For those who feel that the infection troubles are very effective and safe treatment to keep symptoms away.
You can test with a blood test at home if you are a carrier of the virus. This Herpes home test can distinguish between antibodies against type 1 and antibodies against type 2. In this way you can find out if they are carriers of the virus types, both virus types or may not be one of them. The surest way to determine if someone has genital herpes, however, is to examine the patient when he or she has trouble.
You can test with a blood test at home if you are a carrier of the virus. This test can distinguish between antibodies against type 1 and type 2 antibodies, so one can thus find out if they are carriers of the virus types, both virus types or may not be one of them. Although the symptoms can give an indication of the type of virus it carries. An HSV 1 genital infection gives less frequently recurring symptoms, while HSV 2 usually give a stronger primary infection and recurrent.
The virus is transmitted through direct contact, mucosa against mucosa, mouth to mouth or via the mouth mucosa. Once the virus has entered the body, it multiplies itself and spread through nerve fibers to the sensory ganglia cross at the spine or cheek. There, the virus will remain in the form of a latent (dormant) infection for life. In the ganglion, the virus now and then to multiply and transported to the skin. This can result in a symptomatic outbreaks with new blisters and sores and then you are most contagious, but it can also take the form of unconscious viral shedding which can infect a partner.
Herpes can then infect even if an infected partner did not have an ongoing outbreak. Anyone who has an infection with HSV secrete occasionally viruses. This is called asymptomatic viral shedding or unconscious. Actually infected the majority of those who get genital herpes by such unconscious viral shedding.
Herpes can be transmitted to the genitals through oral sex and it is even very common. About half of the young people who come with a förstagångsinfektio, have an HSV-1 infection as the most likely been through oral sex. The good thing about it is that the kind rarely or never recurring symptoms which an HSV-2 infection can make.
To a genital HSV 2 infection could infect the mouth is much more rare, but can not certainly be excluded.
It is easier for a woman to get infected with HSV 2 viruses than for a man. HSV 2 is also more common among women. The reason for this, it is believed, because women have a much greater area of mucous membrane (vagina, vulva, cervix mM) than the man has. Skin that is on the penis shaft, labia majora, etc. are thicker and this will not be so easy "minor injuries". Minor injuries, such as wounds, fractures and the like. in the mucosa and skin becomes a so-called "Gateway" for the virus.
One can live with a partner who has herpes in both 10 and 15 years before the infection is contagious, probably even longer and some never become infected. When you were infected and by whom, one can not say anything certain about. It may have been infected months, perhaps years earlier, and then for no apparent reason ill with what appears to be a first time infection.
The shortest incubation period is maybe 3-4 four days of it can take four months and maybe more, from infection until the symptoms occur. It could probably also be the case that after the very mild symptoms which might not brought to mind herpes can have what seems to be a primary infection.
About 60-70% of the adult population are carriers of the virus type 1 (HSV 1). Most of these have no complaints. About 1/3 of sexually active adults wearing the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV 2). Again, that the vast majority have no symptoms, ie what is called asymptomatic.
The risk of infection is highest in the context of a primary infection, when the viral load is greatest. Then you can expect to excrete the virus and that it is contagious when you have an ongoing outbreak. But they also secrete the virus now and then, even though you do not have symptoms.
For simplicity, one can say that, on average, excrete the virus about one day per month on average of symptom-free days. It is believed that it may involve slightly more frequent asymptomatic viral shedding if you have frequent symptoms outbreak while it might only be a few days per year that you excrete the virus asymptomatically if you have very sparse relapses. However, there is no way to find out when these days will occur. It may thus be that you never ever have had any problems but despite that brought the infection.
Condoms are the best protection against HIV transmission, but it is not 100% safe. The condom protects only the "where it is". Antiviral drugs that are taken daily can also reduce the risk of infecting a partner.
The important thing is to avoid sex when you have symptoms of herpes and to additionally use a condom. With this combination can reduce the risk of contamination significantly.
There is no 100 percent way to protect themselves against herpes if you are sexually active. But there are several ways to minimize the risk of becoming infected.
Firstly; avoid sex during an outbreak. During an outbreak, the virus is most active, and thus the risk of infection as the greatest. Condoms are the best protection against sexually transmitted diseases. But neither the condom can guarantee 100 percent protection because it protects only where it is and must be used correctly i.e. all the time. Studies have also shown that preventive treatment with antiviral medicine so called suppressionsbehandling reduce viral excretion by 95% and the risk of infecting their partners by 75%.
With the combination to avoid sex during relapses, condom use and supressionsbehandling can thus minimize the risk of infecting your partner.
Outbreaks of herpes may come once or twice a year, but in others as often as every month. Most people with genital herpes may never have any symptoms, but only an unconscious infection. For those who have trouble are effective and safe treatment. Many who have recurrent herpes are called prodromal symptoms, that is, one feels a little sensations that some call "pins and needles" or equivalent, a few hours or sometimes even a day before the vesicles arise. If you start with an antiviral drug which can but at best prevent blisters and ulcers occur.
For those without prodromal symptoms but with severe recurrent (frequent) genital herpes sometimes offered preventive treatment, called suppressionsbehandling. Suppressionsbehandling that can be given for three to six months means that many are completely free of symptoms or get fewer and milder outbreaks.
Yes. Of those who today seek out health care with a genital first-time infection can isolate HSV 1 in about half of patients. Most of them have probably infected through oral sex.
Herpes simplex type 2 provides almost only genital herpes and is seen basically never in labial herpes (cold sores). You do not need to worry about infecting a partner so this may labial herpes of the genital.
You can get herpes even on fingers and when these are often the HSV-2. Most often it has been accidentally infect themselves by affected an area with blisters while perhaps a crack or a small wound on his finger (autoinokulation).
Such autoinnokulation this is rare and occurs almost exclusively when it is a primary infection, and not if you have a relapse of genital herpes. In a primary infection, these are of significantly larger amounts of viruses and they've since no antibodies. If you have an active infection in the finger, there is a risk that it could be transferred to other body parts, but with good hand hygiene when you have blisters and sores, you need not worry.
Herpes is not transmitted through drinking glasses, towels or by sharing bath, shower or soap with anyone. Nor is it spread by trying on clothes and not by just sleeping in the same bed with someone who has herpes. It requires direct contact.
Many worry that the herpes affect fertility, it does not! Women with herpes can safely undergo a normal pregnancy and even birth to her child in the usual way. Women who have herpes have circulating antibodies in the blood, which will protect the baby both during pregnancy and at delivery moment. However, you should always inform your midwife and gynecologist if you have herpes. They can then be alert to possible sores and blisters when it's time for delivery and take action accordingly. When one has known herpes usually also avoid using, for example, scalp electrode if it is not really necessary.
To become infected with herpes during pregnancy is not good. If you become pregnant and know that your partner has herpes, but are unsure if they themselves are infected or not, blood samples and antibody examination may be helpful. Keep in mind that both gender as oral herpes can be transmitted even during pregnancy. If you become infected during pregnancy or know that your partner is infected, it is good to discuss with a doctor.
Genital herpes is transmitted only through sexual contact so you do not have to worry about infecting your children. Herpes is transmitted through direct contact and not through the glasses, silverware, towels, toilet seats etc.