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HIV is a virus that is usually transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse. So by not having unprotected sex can you protect yourself against HIV. There is no cure for HIV but there are medications that slow the disease. Without HIV medications lead sooner or later to other diseases. The condition is usually called AIDS.
The most common is to not get any symptoms associated with that you get HIV. How long it then takes until you feel that you have HIV varies from person to person, but it could be several years. During that time usually feel as usual and did not notice anything of the infection.
Approximately two to three weeks after getting HIV get some so-called primary HIV infection. Then you can for example get
The early symptoms disappear by themselves, usually within a few weeks.
How long it then takes until you notice something more varies from person to person, but it could be several years. During that time usually feel as normal.
After a long period of time, usually several years, you get the first signs that your immune system is weakened. It may prove that
If the immune system becomes even more impaired you can get tumors or severe infections with bacteria, fungi or parasites. This type of infection is rare in people who have a healthy immune system. It is the condition known as AIDS.
Without treatment, will sooner or later ill with AIDS, but treatment must not AIDS.
HIV can be transmitted through
HIV can also be transmitted from mother to child during the final weeks of pregnancy or during labor.
When you have sex, the greatest risk to get HIV if you get sperm with the HIV virus in the vagina or rectum. The risk of getting HIV is greater if you also have other STDs.
When oral sex is the risk of getting HIV far less than during intercourse.
HIV is a fragile virus and dies quickly outside the body. If you have HIV, you can, for example, do not pass it on by touching, hugging or kissing someone. HIV is spread not by you, for example, use the same towel or coffee cup as someone else. HIV is not spread through the air, food, water, insects or other animals.
Everyone who gives blood that is then used in health care in Canada are HIV tested. So you cannot get HIV through a blood transfusion also human milk donors are tested for HIV
To protect yourself against HIV, use a condom if you have intercourse, anal intercourse or oral sex with someone who has a penis. The main risk of oral sex is if you get sperm in your mouth.
Condoms are also good if you use sex toys as a dildo, or wash it after it has been used.
If you have oral sex with someone who has a vagina, you do not use any protection.
With HIV treatment can live a long and healthy life with the help of effective drugs. A treatment is taken as tablets often called antiretroviral drugs. They prevent you from becoming ill and AIDS.
Minimal risk of virus transmission in the treatment
There is a very small risk of getting HIV by having unprotected sex with a person who has HIV and treatment. The risk of HIV transmission is minimal if you also use a condom during sexual intercourse or other similar protection.
Anti-HIV treatment is started soon after they have been discovered HIV, regardless of the impact on one's immune system has had time to be. The early start of treatment has proven to be the best in the long run.
But there is rarely any great hurry, but you have time to be prepared to start with the medicines.
You may also start treatment if you want to have children.
Important to be careful with their treatment
An HIV treatment is very effective but sensitive. For treatment to be effective, you need to take the drug on a regular basis without any interruptions.
By not taking all doses of antiretroviral drugs puts the virus started to form new viruses, so the amount of virus in the body increases again. It can make the virus can become resistant, ie resistant against medicines so that they do not work.
Some HIV medications interact with other medications you use them simultaneously. Even non-prescription medicines and herbal remedies. Therefore, you should always consult your physician before beginning or changing a medication.
It is common that you get the easier side effects such as nausea and diarrhea. Adverse reactions are often worst in the beginning of treatment but if they do not go over, you may need to change medications.
It happens that the side effects are annoying, but you usually get only mild side effects or none at all.
You may also need to switch drugs if you get side effects such as nightmares, dizziness, effects on bone marrow or blood.
Some drugs can over time cause adverse effects on the body. You can get elevated blood lipids and diabetes.
Treatment with antiretroviral drugs are often effective even when HIV has developed into AIDS. Even if you already have AIDS are good chances that the treatment will stop or reverse the disease process.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If you get HIV infected and destroyed a specific type of white blood cells, called CD4 or T-helper cells, which play an important role in the immune system. As the white blood cells are destroyed becomes immune system worse. If you do not receive HIV treatment breaks down the immune system and you get AIDS.
AIDS is a collective name for various types of serious infections and tumors, which may break out if the immune system has been weakened. It can for example be a special kind of unusual pneumonia, tuberculosis, or fungal infection of the esophagus, which you get to have a very compromised immune system.